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Article Alert Online: August 2018

IN33 – King, Robert R. CONGRESS AFFIRMS CONCERN FOR NORTH KOREA HUMAN RIGHTS: EXTENDS HUMAN RIGHTS ACT (Center for Strategic and International Studies, July 12, 2018, various pages) 미의회북한 인권에 대한 우려를 확인하다북한인권법 연장 Click here for available text on the Internet

On July 10 President Trump was presented with the final approved text of H.R. 2061 “to reauthorize The North Korea Human Rights Act” (NKHRA).  The legislation, previously passed by both the House of Representatives and Senate, “reauthorizes” or extends for four years the human rights legislation that was first enacted by Congress in 2004 and reauthorized again in 2008 and 2012. The bill also includes modifications to update the law and to harmonize it with other human rights legislation that has been adopted.  The president is expected to sign the bill into law in the next few days.

IN34 –
 Rennack, Dianne E. NORTH KOREA: LEGISLATIVE BASIS FOR U.S. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS (Congressional Research Service Report, June 11, 2018, 61 pages) 미국의 대북 경제제재에 대한 입법기반에 관한 미의회조사국 보고서 Click here for available text on the Internet
U.S. economic sanctions imposed on North Korea are instigated by that country’s activities related to weapons proliferation, especially its tests since 2006 of nuclear weapons and missile technology; regional disruptions; terrorism; narcotics trafficking; undemocratic governance; and illicit activities in international markets, including money laundering, counterfeiting of goods and currency, and bulk cash smuggling. 

IN35 
 Albert, EleanorNORTH KOREA’S MILITARY CAPABILITIES (Council on Foreign Relations, June 6, 2018, various pages) 북한의 군사능력 Click here for available text on the Internet

North Korea has embarked on an accelerated buildup of weapons of mass destruction and modernization of its already large conventional force.

 

IN36 – Kotkin, Stephen. REALIST WORLD: THE PLAYERS CHANGE, BUT THE GAME REMAINS (Foreign Affairs, July/August 2018, various pages) 현실 세계 : 플레이어가 변경되었지만 게임은 그대로 남아있다 - Click here for available text on the Internet 

Geopolitics didn’t return; it never went away. The arc of history bends toward delusion. Every hegemon thinks it is the last; all ages believe they will endure forever. In reality, of course, states rise, fall, and compete with one another along the way. And how they do so determines the world’s fate. Now as ever, great-power politics will drive events, and international rivalries will be decided by the relative capacities of the competitors—their material and human capital and their ability to govern themselves and their foreign affairs effectively. That means the course of the coming century will largely be determined by how China and the United States manage their power resources and their relationship. 

 

EC37 – Saleski, Matthew; Low, Stella; Lightma, Ari. WHAT WILL YOUR INDUSTRY LOOK LIKE IN 2030? (Harvard Business Review, July 9, 2018, various pages) 2030 산업 전망 - Click here for available text on the Internet

Live from Dell Technologies World conference in May 2018, Matthew Saleski, global enterprise account executive at LinkedIn, sits down with Dell Technologies’ Stella Low, SVP of global communications, and Ari Lightman, a professor at Carnegie Mellon University’s Heinz College to discuss an overview of realizing 2030.

EC38 Trump, Ivanka. TRAINING FOR THE JOBS OF TOMORROW (The Wall Street Journal, July 17, 2018, various pages)
미래 직업을 위한 훈련 - Click here for available text on the Internet
With more companies expanding, hiring and raising wages, it is time to deliver better workforce training so that all Americans have the chance to move into better jobs and earn bigger paychecks. Already this administration has taken action to expand apprenticeships, increase access to STEM education for K-12 students, and help 11 million students and workers by working with Congress to pass an improved Perkins Career and Technical Education bill.

EC39 Larson, Christina. CLOSING THE FACTORY DOORS (Foreign Policy, July 16, 2018, various pages)
로봇자동화와 저임금 노동의 미래 - Click here for available text on the Internet
For two centuries, countries have used low-wage labor to climb out of poverty. What will happen when robots take those jobs?

EC40 Buchanan, Michael. NEW U.S. SUPERCOMPUTER IS FASTEST ON THE PLANET (ShareAmerica, July 6, 2018, various pages)
세계에서 제일 빠른 미국수퍼컴퓨터 - Click here for available text on the Internet
Built by a team from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory and American companies IBM and Nvidia Corporation, Summit sports eye-popping performance. At its peak, Summit can calculate 200 petaflops. That’s 200,000 trillion calculations per second, using the standard measure for supercomputer power. According to the TOP500 List, which ranks world supercomputers, Summit was the fastest on the planet as of June 25.

EC41 Buchanan, Michael. WHO’S IN CHARGE HERE? (ShareAmerica, June 26, 2018, various pages)
해양과 공해 (International Waters) 대한 소개 - Click here for available text on the Internet

For many thousands of years, we have relied on the ocean for sustenance, commerce, exploration and discovery. A system of international maritime law grew out of a need to balance various interests in these areas, including security, commerce and resources. 

 

US32 Geiger, Abigail. HOW AMERICANS SEE THEIR COUNTRY AND THEIR DEMOCRACY (Pew Research Center, July 4, 2018, 5 pages) 미국인들이 바라보는 국가와 민주주의 Click here for available text on the Internet

On the Fourth of July, Americans celebrate the birth of the nation and the values that have sustained the country and its democracy in the nearly 250 years since the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. Americans’ views vary when it comes to how they see the United States’ standing in the world and the state of its democracy.

 

US33 Doherty, Carroll; Kiley, Jocelyn; Johnson, Bridget. SHIFTING PUBLIC VIEWS ON LEGAL IMMIGRATION INTO THE U.S. (Pew Research Center, June 28, 2018, 24 pages) 미국 합법 이민에 대한 대중의 생각 Click here for available text on the Internet
While there has been considerable attention on illegal immigration into the U.S. recently, opinions about legal immigration have undergone a long-term change. Support for increasing the level of legal immigration has risen, while the share saying legal immigration should decrease has fallen.

 

US34 Karsten, Jack. WOMEN IN CIVIC TECHNOLOGY SHOW THE BENEFITS OF A DIVERSE WORKFORCE (Brookings, June 29, 2018, 2 pages) 시빅 테크에서 두각을 나타내고 있는 여성들은 다양한 직원들과 함께 일을 하면서 좋은 영향을 받고 있다고 한다 Click here for available text on the Internet
Women have made great strides in recent decades to increase their representation among doctors and lawyers, but their numbers in the technology industry remain stagnant. This fact marks a missed opportunity to bring diverse perspectives to solving problems with technology. One area where women have made headway is in civic technology, a variety of digital services that connect citizens with their government.

 

US35 Root, Danielle; Kennedy, Liz. INCREASING VOTER PARTICIPATION IN AMERICA (Center for American Progress, July 11, 2018, 64 pages) 미국 투표율이 올라가고 있다 Click here for available text on the Internet

Almost 92 million eligible Americans did not vote in the 2016 presidential elections. In the 2014 midterm elections, an estimated 143 million eligible Americans failed to vote, marking the lowest voter participation in 72 years. For the nation’s democracy to function properly and for government to provide fair representation, all eligible Americans must have the opportunity to vote—and be encouraged to do so. Our collective self-rule is established and fostered through free, fair, accessible, and secure elections through which the voice of every eligible American is heard.