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Article Alert Online: May 2018

IN20 – Pak, Jung H. KIM JONG-UN HAS A MAXIMUM PRESSURE AND ENGAGEMENT STRATEGY OF HIS OWN (The Brookings Institution, April 18, 2018, 4 pages) 김정은은 자신만의 최대 압박과  대화전략을 가지고있다 – Click here for available text on the Internet
Ultimately, Kim’s maximum pressure and engagement are two sides of the same coin—a strategy aimed at keeping and advancing its nuclear weapons program, removing the United States from the Korean Peninsula, maintaining strategic relevance in the region, and potentially trying to create conditions for unification on his terms. While we should support the current mood of diplomacy and engagement, we should not be easily lured by Kim’s sweet whispers of peace, without credible actions to accompany his promises.

IN21 – McEachern, Patrick. DOMAIN OF GAINS, DOMAIN OF LOSSES: WHY KIM JONG-UN’S EXPECTATIONS MATTER FOR THE U.S.-NORTH KOREA SUMMIT (Council on Foreign Relations, April 18, 2018, various pages) 이익의 영역, 손실의 영역 : 김정일의 기대가 미북 정상 회담에 중요한 이유 – Click here for available text on the Internet
When North Korean leader Kim Jong-un reportedly offered a summit meeting with President Donald Trump, American and South Korean officials understandably and predictably credited the “maximum pressure” strategy. They reasoned that sanctions and pressure tactics brought Kim to the table, secured Pyongyang’s unilateral concession on refraining from nuclear and ballistic missile flight tests, and would allow the two leaders to discuss denuclearization. Notwithstanding skepticism about North Korea’s intentions, non-governmental analyses largely agree that Kim is coming to the table because sanctions are “beginning to bite.”

IN22 – Cha, Victor; Katz, Katrin Fraser. THE RIGHT WAY TO COERCE NORTH KOREA(Foreign Affairs, May/June 2018 Issue, 10 pages) 북한을 향한 올바른 길 – Click here for available text on the Internet
When it comes to North Korea, U.S. President Donald Trump’s policies have been whiplash inducing. On February 23, he appeared to be gearing up for a conflict when he said that if sanctions against Pyongyang didn’t work, Washington would have to move to “phase two,” which could be “very, very unfortunate for the world.” But just two weeks later, Trump abruptly changed course and accepted an invitation to meet with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un—a decision that caught even his own White House and State Department by surprise.

IN23 – Jervis, Robert; Rapp-Hooper, Mira. PERCEPTION AND MISPERCEPTION ON THE KOREAN PENINSULA (Foreign Affairs, March 22, 2018, 10 pages) 한반도에 대한 인식과 잘못된 인식 – Click here for available text on the Internet
North Korea has all but completed its quest for nuclear weapons. It has demonstrated its ability to produce boosted-fission bombs and may be able to make fusion ones, as well. It can likely miniaturize them to fit atop a missile. And it will soon be able to deliver this payload to the continental United States. North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong Un, has declared his country’s nuclear deterrent complete and, despite his willingness to meet with U.S. President Donald Trump, is unlikely to give it up. Yet Washington continues to demand that Pyongyang relinquish the nuclear weapons it already has, and the Trump administration has pledged that the North Korean regime will never acquire a nuclear missile that can hit the United States. The result is a new, more dangerous phase in the U.S.–North Korean relationship: a high-stakes nuclear standoff.

IN24 – Cordesman, Anthony H. MORE THAN A NUCLEAR THREAT: NORTH KOREA’S CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, AND CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS (Center for Strategic and International Studies, May/June 2018 Issue, 28 pages) 핵 위협 보다 더한 것: 북한의 화학, 생물학, 그리고 재래식 무기 – Click here for available text on the Internet

North Korean development of biological weapons both poses a serious potential threat to the United States and its strategic partners, and illustrates the broader dangers of proliferation. Biological weapons pose dangers that are growing steadily with the proliferation of the civil, dual- use, and military technologies that can be used to develop and manufacture biological weapons – such as genetic engineering and drones. 


EC21 – Green, Mark. THREE WOMEN WHO ARE BRIDGING THE DIGITAL GENDER DIVIDE (DipNote, April 17, 2018, various pages) 디지털 성(性) 격차를 줄이는 여성 리더들  – Click here for available text on the Internet
Today, 1.7 billion women in low- and middle-income countries still do not own mobile phones, and the gap between men and women’s uses of the Internet has grown steadily over the past three years. This digital gender divide is reinforcing existing socioeconomic gaps between women and men. Three digital entrepreneurs who are already working with USAID to increase the number of women, who participate in the promise of the internet, shared their perspectives on the digital gender divide.

EC22 – Wedell-Wedellsborg, Merete. HOW WOMEN AT THE TOP CAN RENEW THEIR MENTAL ENERGY (Harvard Business Review, April 16, 2018, various pages) 여성최고경영자들의 정신적 에너지 회복 방법 –  Click here for available text on the Internet
While top-level jobs are tough on everyone, the transition to senior management comes with extra challenges for women. Some are psychological, pertaining to gender differences in risk-taking and self-confidence. Others are structural; in parenting, for instance, childcare and domestic duties are still disproportionately shouldered by the female partner. While these barriers affect women at all levels of the organization, they are particularly pronounced in the pressure-cooker environment at the top, putting women at a disadvantage.

EC23 – Blank, Steve. TO UNDERSTAND THE FUTURE OF TESLA, LOOK TO THE HISTORY OF GM (Harvard Business Review, April 16, 2018, various pages) 제너럴모터스 (GM)의 기업사를 통해 전망해 보는 미국 테슬라사(社)의 미래 –  Click here for available text on the Internet
The entrepreneur who founded and grew the largest startup in the world to $10 billion in revenue and got fired is someone you have probably never heard of. The guy who replaced him invented the idea of the modern corporation. If you want to understand the future of Tesla, and Elon Musk’s role in it — something many are keen to do, given the spate of negative headlines about the company — you should start with a bit of automotive history from the 20th century.

EC24  Javier, Luzi-Ann. YES, THESE CHICKENS ARE ON THE BLOCKCHAIN(Bloomberg Businessweek, April 9, 2018, various pages) 블록체인 (Blockchain) 기술과 식품안전 – Click here for available text on the Internet
Did the chicken you just buy at the supermarket have a nice life, roam free, and eat healthy grains? If you’re the kind of person who cares, Carrefour SA, the big France-based grocery chain, has the bird for you. Every chicken it sells under its house brand comes complete with its very own life story, thanks to the wonders of blockchain software. All you need to do is scan the label with your smartphone to get all the details.

EC25  Cimino-Isaacs, Cathleen D. U.S. TRADE POLICY PRIMER: FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (CRS Report, April 2, 2018, 55 pages) 미국 무역정책 입문서: 단골 문답 (FAQ) – Contact American Center for print
This report addresses frequently asked questions regarding U.S. trade policy and is intended to assist Members and staff who may be new to trade issues. The report provides context for basic trade concepts and data on key U.S. trade and investment trends. It also addresses how U.S. trade policy is formulated and describes the trade and investment policy tools used to advance U.S. objectives.


US19 – Graf, Nikki. SEXUAL HARASSMENT AT WORK IN THE ERA OF #METOO (Pew Research Center, April 4, 2018, 15 pages) 미투 시대 직장 내 성차별  Click here for available text on the Internet
Recent allegations against prominent men in entertainment, politics, the media and other industries have sparked increased attention to the issue of sexual harassment and assault, in turn raising questions about the treatment of the accused and the accusers and what lies ahead for men and women in the workplace. A new Pew Research Center survey finds that, when it comes to sexual harassment in the workplace, more Americans think men getting away with it and female accusers not being believed are major problems than say the same about employers firing men before finding out all the facts or women making false accusations.

US20 – Frye, Jocelyn. THE GENDER WAGE GAP AMONG RURAL WORKERS (Center for American Progress, April 10, 2018, 6 pages) 농촌 근로자들의 성별 임금 격차  Click here for available text on the Internet
In the current debate about jobs and the working class, the conversation about rural America and rural employment often assumes that the only people who exist in—or matter to—rural America are white working men. This assumption, though, is simply wrong. In fact, women and people of color are a central part of rural America. Ignoring the diversity of rural America comes at a high cost, especially for women of color. While all rural workers earn lower wages than their nonrural counterparts, new analysis by the Center for American Progress reveals that women of color are among the lowest paid workers in rural areas with rural black and Hispanic women who work full time, year-round making just 56 cents for every dollar that rural white, non-Hispanic men make.

US21 – West, Darrell M. and Karsten, Jack. VIEWS OF AMERICAN DEMOCRACY BASED ON INTERNET SEARCH DATA (Brookings, April 4, 2018, 12 pages) 미국 민주주의에 대한 견해  Click here for available text on the Internet
Democracy is under attack in the United States and around the world. For example, recent elections in France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Italy featured far-right candidates with explicitly nationalist agendas, and many of their parties gained record numbers of seats in their respective parliaments. The Brexit vote in the United Kingdom meanwhile signaled a desire among some voters to elevate domestic interests over global ones. Nations such as Turkey, the Philippines, Poland, and Hungary have eroded basic civil liberties and shifted toward more authoritarian rule. In the United States, there also are significant challenges facing democracy.

US22 – Griffin, Rob. AMERICA’S ELECTORAL FUTURE (Center for American Progress, April 14, 2018, 47 pages) 미국 선거인단의 미래 – Click here for available text on the Internet
The recent elections of Donald Trump and Barack Obama were influenced in no small measure by shifts in the nation’s underlying demographic structure—the rise of communities of color, the increase in the number of older Americans, the sharpening of education divisions—and the distinctive voting behavior of these demographic groups. This 2018 report of the States of Change project, the fourth in an annual series,1 examines an array of future presidential election outcome scenarios—from 2020 through 2036—that could arise as the demography of the nation and its 50 states changes over the next 18 years.