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Article Alert Online: January 2018

IN01 – Cordesman, Anthony H.  PRESIDENT TRUMP'S NEW NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY (Center for Strategic & International Studies, December 18, 2017,  24 pages) 트럼프 대통령의 국가안보전략 - Click here for available text on the Internet

President Trump's new National Security Strategy (NSS) deserves careful attention, particularly by America's allies and strategic partners and by those who deal with everything the President says or issues in terms of knee jerk criticism. It is a document that President Trump reviewed and altered in some depth and that represents his views—rather than a bureaucratic compromise. At the same time, it both expands on the classic themes of U.S. strategy—rather than rejects them—and commits the U.S. to playing its traditional role in leading the free world.

 

IN02 NUCLEAR NEGOTIATIONS WITH NORTH KOREA: IN BRIEF (Congressional Research Service Report, December 4, 2017, 19 pages)  북한과의 협상에 관한 미의회조사국 보고서 - Click here for available text on the Internet

This report summarizes past nuclear and missile negotiations between the United States and North Korea, also known by its formal name, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), and highlights some of the lessons and implications that can be drawn from these efforts.

 

IN03 – Snyder, Scott. AMERICA FIRST OR U.S.-SOUTH KOREA ALLIANCE FIRST IN DEALING WITH NORTH KOREA? (Council on Foreign Relations/Asia Unbound, November 7, 2017, 8 pages) 북한을 다루는데 미국 우선주의 또는 한미동맹 우선? - Click here for available text on the Internet

As President Donald Trump was kicking off the first state visit under the progressive administration of Moon Jae-in, the life-or-death question in South Korean minds was whether Trump intended to take an America-first or an alliance-first approach in response to the growing North Korean threat.

 

IN04 – Cossa, Ralph.  NORTH KOREA: THE STORM BEFORE THE CALM? (Center for Strategic & International Studies, November 29, 2017, 1 page) 북한: 고요 폭풍? - Click here for available text on the Internet

Counter-intuitive as it may sound, the latest North Korean ICBM test may actually set the stage for a reduction of tensions, rather than an exacerbation of the “crisis.” It may also set Washington up for a fool’s choice if we fail to understand Pyongyang’s logic and ultimate end game.

 

IN05 – Hecker, Siegfried S. WHAT WE REALLY KNOW ABOUT NORTH KOREA’S NUCLEAR WEAPONS (Foreign Affairs, December 4, 2017, 5 pages) 북한 핵무기에 대해 우리가 정말 알고 있는 - Contact American Center Korea for Print Copy

In January 2004, the director of North Korea’s Yongbyon Nuclear Scientific Research Center handed me a sealed glass jar with plutonium metal inside in an effort to convince me that his country had a nuclear deterrent. To make the same point last week, Pyongyang lofted a missile 2,800 miles into space and declared it had a nuclear-tipped missile that could reach all of the United States. Has the country’s nuclear program really come that far?

EC01 – Taylor, Bill. THE 4 KINDS OF LEADERS WHO CREATE THE FUTURE (Harvard Business Review, December 18, 2017, various pages) 미래지향적 리더십의 네 가지 형태 Click here for available text on the Internet

Alan Kay, the educator and computer designer, famously declared, “The best way to predict the future is to invent it.” But what does it take to invent the future in such a turbulent and uncertain world? How do successful organizations build on their history, even as they craft a new point of view about what comes next? How do established brands stay true to their original promise, while also making themselves relevant to new customers with different values and preferences? How can accomplished executives be sure that all they know — their hard-earned wisdom and expertise — doesn’t limit what they can imagine?

 

EC02 – Thau, Barbara. WILL WEWORK-STYLE RETAIL REPLACE POP-UPS? WILL BOTS PROPEL FACEBOOK COMMERCE? 7 PREDICTIONS FOR 2018 (Forbes, December 20, 2017, various pages) 2018 유통분야의 7가지 예측 Click here for available text on the Internet

Time to dig out the old crystal ball to see what might be in store for shoppers in 2018. Will Amazon fundamentally change the way we buy lettuce and lemonade? Has Facebook shopping finally arrived? Is “live” commerce the next big thing?

 

EC03 – Dibrov, Yevgeny. THE INTERNET OF THINGS IS GOING TO CHANGE EVERYTHING ABOUT CYBERSECURITY (Harvard Business Review, December 18, 2017, various pages) 사물인터넷 (IoT) 사이버보안의 변화 Click here for available text on the Internet

Cybersecurity can cause organizational migraines. In 2016, breaches cost businesses nearly $4 billion and exposed an average of 24,000 records per incident. In 2017, the number of breaches is anticipated to rise by 36%. The constant drumbeat of threats and attacks is becoming so mainstream that businesses are expected to invest more than $93 billion in cyber defenses by 2018. Even Congress is acting more quickly to pass laws that will — hopefully — improve the situation.

 

EC04 – Temple, James. HOW HIGH-TECH MIRRORS CAN SEND HEAT INTO SPACE (MIT Technology Review, November 28, 2017, various pages) 우주로 열을 방출하는 첨단 태양광 냉각시스템 Click here for available text on the Internet

SkyCool’s advanced materials could reinvent air-conditioning and refrigeration—cutting costs and greenhouse gases in the process.

 

EC05 – Fishman, Edward. EVEN SMARTER SANCTIONS (Foreign Affairs, November/December 2017, various pages) 스마트한 경제재제  Click here for available text on the Internet 

Economic sanctions have been a fixture of U.S. foreign policy for decades, but never have they enjoyed so much popularity as they do today. On virtually every major foreign problem—North Korea’s belligerence, Iran’s nuclear aspirations, Russia’s aggression, the Islamic State’s (or ISIS’) brutality—the U.S. government has turned to some form of sanctions as an answer. Their value is one of the few things that former President Barack Obama and President Donald Trump agree on: Obama used them more than any other president in recent history, and Trump, in his first eight months in office, oversaw significant expansions of U.S. sanctions against North Korea, Venezuela, and, despite his misgivings, Russia.  

US01 Parker, Kim. ON GENDER DIFFERENCES, NO CONSENSUS ON NATURE VS. NURTURE (Pew Research Center, December 5, 2017, 42 pages) 성별의 차는 생물학적인 천성 양육과 교육이 아니라고 한다 Click here for available text on the Internet

Twenty-five years after the release of the bestseller “Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus,” the debate over how and why men and women are different and what that means for their roles in society is far from settled. A new Pew Research Center survey finds that majorities of Americans say men and women are basically different in the way they express their feelings, their physical abilities, their personal interests and their approach to parenting.

 

US02 Amselem, Mary Clare. HOUSE PROPOSAL WOULD BRING NEEDED REFORMS TO HIGHER EDUCATION. HERE’S WHERE IT CAN STILL IMPROVE (The Heritage Foundation, December 5, 2017, 5 pages)  미국 연방 하원은교육개혁을 통한 진정한 기회, 성공, 번영 장려’(PROSPER) 법안을 상정할 계획이며 이는 아직도 보안이 필요하다 Click here for available text on the Internet

The House Committee on Education and the Workforce introduced a bill last week, formally known as the Promoting Real Opportunity, Success and Prosperity through Education Reform (PROSPER) Act, which would reauthorize the Higher Education Act of 1965 . While the bill has much to praise, it leaves significant room for improvement. Here are some of the key reforms—and shortcomings—of the bill.

 

US03 Frye, Jocelyn. NOT JUST THE RICH AND FAMOUS (Center for American Progress, November 20, 2017, 6 pages)  성평등 발전에 남녀 함께 해야 Click here for available text on the Internet

The prevalence of sexual harassment has taken center stage in the wake of recently reported harassment and assault allegations involving well-known celebrities, politicians, and media figures. Yet with shocking, headline-worthy stories emerging almost daily, sexual harassment should not be mistaken as a problem limited to elite circles.

 

US04 Trainer, Mark. WHY RELIGIOUS FREEDOM MATTERS TO AMERICANS (Share America, December 15, 2017, 2 pages)  미국인들에게 종교의 자유는 소중하다Click here for available text on the Internet

Religion is important to Americans: Seventy-six percent belong to a religious group, according to the Pew Research Center. And there are about 3,000 religious groups in the United States. The central place of religion in Americans’ lives and the diversity of religions practiced is a testament to the value placed on religious freedom.