IN22 - NORTH KOREA'S NUCLEAR WEAPONS: TECHNICAL ISSUES (Congressional Research Service Reports, February 29, 2012, 32 pages) 북한 핵무기: 기술적인 이슈 - Contact American Center for print copy
This report summarizes what is known from open sources about the North Korean nuclear weapons program-including weapons-usable fissile material and warhead estimates-and assesses current developments in achieving denuclearization. Little detailed open-source information is available about the DPRK's nuclear weapons production capabilities, warhead sophistication, the scope and success of its uranium enrichment program, or extent of its proliferation activities.
IN23 - Fukuyama, Francis. THE PATTERNS OF HISTORY (Journal of Democracy, January 2012, 13 pages) 역사의 패턴 - Contact American Center for print copy
The precocious consolidation of a modern state allowed Chinese governments over the centuries to prevent the spontaneous emergence of new social actors that would challenge its power, such as a blood aristocracy, a commercial bourgeoisie, independent cities, religious institutions, or an organized peasantry. First and most important, almost all the recent examples of successful authoritarian modernization cluster in East Asia rather than other parts of the world.
IN24 – Lindsay, James M. THE ROLE OF FOREIGN POLICY IN THE 2012 U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS (Council on Foreign Relations, December 16, 2011, 8 pages) 2012 미국 대선에서 대외정책의 역할 - Click here for available text on the Internet
Briefing by James M. Lindsay, fellow, Council on Foreign Relations, U.S. Department of State, December 16, 2011.
IN25 – FOREIGN ASSISTANCE TO NORTH KOREA (Congressional Research Service Reports, March 7, 2012, 25 pages) 북한에 대한 해외 원조 - Contact American Center for print copy
In 2012, Congress is likely to confront the issue of whether to support or reject proposals for resuming food, energy, and/or denuclearization assistance programs to North Korea. In late February 2012, the Obama Administration and North Korea announced they had reached two related agreements. In the first, North Korea announced it would abide by a moratorium on testing and allow international monitoring of key parts of its nuclear program. The second was a U.S. announcement that it would resume large-scale U.S. food aid-termed 'nutritional assistance'-with guarantees for enhanced monitoring to increase the likelihood that deliveries reach their intended recipients. The two steps appear to have been largely worked out in bilateral meetings in 2011. However, the December 19, 2011, announcement of the death of Kim Jong-il, North Korea's former supreme leader, halted the talks for a few months.
IN26 – Beckley, Michael. CHINA'S CENTURY? WHY AMERICA'S EDGE WILL ENDURE (International Security, Vol. 36, No. 3, Winter 2011/12, 38 pages) 중국의 세기? 미국의 파워가 지속되는 이유 - Click here for available text on the Internet
Two assumptions dominate current foreign policy debates in the United States and China. First, the United States is in decline relative to China. Second, much of this decline is the result of globalization and the hegemonic burdens the United States bears to sustain globalization. Both of these assumptions are wrong. The United States is not in decline; in fact, it is now wealthier, more innovative, and more militarily powerful compared to China than it was in 1991. Moreover, globalization and hegemony do not erode U.S. power; they reinforce it. The United States derives competitive advantages from its hegemonic position, and globalization allows it to exploit these advantages, attracting economic activity and manipulating the international system to its benefit. The United States should therefore continue to prop up the global economy and maintain a robust diplomatic and military presence abroad.
IN27 - IRAN: U.S. CONCERNS AND POLICY RESPONSES (Congressional Research Service Reports, March 2, 2012, 82 pages) 이란: 미국의 우려와 정책 대응 - Contact American Center for print copy
The Obama Administration identifies Iran as a major threat to U.S. national security interests. This perception is generated by suspicions of Iran's intentions for its nuclear program—heightened by a November 8, 2011, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) report—as well as by Iran's support for militant groups in the Middle East and in Iraq and Afghanistan. U.S. officials also accuse Iran of helping Syria's leadership try to defeat a growing popular opposition movement, and of taking advantage of Shiite majority unrest against the Sunni-led, pro-U.S. government of Bahrain. Tensions have been particularly elevated since Iran's late December 2011 threat to try to choke off much of the world's oil supplies by attempting to close the Strait of Hormuz—a reaction to the imposition of significant sanctions against Iran's vital exports of oil.