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Article Alert Online: July 2017

IN30 Snyder, Scott. WHY THE U.S.-KOREA ALLIANCE WILL SURVIVE MOON AND TRUMP (Council on Foreign Relations-Asia Unboud, June 30, 2017, 3 pages) - 동맹이 -트럼프 대통령 지속될 이유 Click here for available text on the Internet
The prevailing narrative in the American media regarding newly-elected South Korean president Moon Jae-in’s first meeting with Donald Trump (aside from how to approach the presidential handshake) revolves around expectations that the chemistry between the left-leaning Moon and the conservative Trump will be bad. These expectations are amplified by the apparent gap in both leaders’ approaches to the rising North Korean threat and China’s attempts to make missile defense a wedge issue for the U.S.-ROK alliance. But the main challenge that each leader faces--and the one that will ultimately keep them together--is whether either alliance partner can truly afford to go it alone in the face of a rising North Korean threat.

IN31 -
O’Hanlon, Michael E. A WAY FORWARD ON NORTH KOREA? (The Brookings Institution, June 22, 2017, 5 pages) 북한을 향한 ? Click here for available text on the Internet
During a week when the world has again been reminded of the depravity of the North Korean regime, given its likely role in the death of Otto Warmbier, it is important nonetheless to evaluate any possible opportunity for capping and ultimately dismantling North Korea’s nuclear and long-range missile forces with an open mind. The stakes are too high not to do so. A North Korea that someday has 30, 50, or 100 nuclear bombs—and the ability to deliver them intercontinentally (and perhaps a greater desire to sell them intercontinentally, too)—is even more dangerous than the current situation, in which Pyongyang possesses perhaps 15 to 20 bombs and uncertain means of delivery.

Albert, Eleanor. NORTH KOREA’S MILITARY CAPABILITIES (Council on Foreign Relations, June 20, 2017, 12 pages) 북한의 군사 능력Click here for available text on the Internet
The United States and its Asian allies regard North Korea as a grave security threat. It has one of the world’s largest conventional military forces, which, combined with its escalating mi0ssile and nuclear tests and aggressive rhetoric, has aroused concern worldwide. But world powers have been ineffective in slowing its path to acquire nuclear weapons. The North’s leader, Kim Jong-un, sees the nuclear program as the means to sustain his regime. While it remains among the poorest countries in the world, North Korea spends nearly a quarter of its GDP on its military, according to U.S. State Department estimates. Its brinkmanship will continue to test regional and international partnerships aimed at preserving stability and security.

Haass, Richard N. WHERE TO GO FROM HERE: REBOOTING AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY (Foreign Affairs, July/August 2017 Issue, 9 pages) 미국의 대외정책 재부팅하기 Click here for available text on the Internet
Every new U.S. administration takes several months to staff itself properly, master new and often unfamiliar responsibilities, and develop a comprehensive strategy for American foreign policy. The Trump administration’s start has been especially rocky. But the administration has already executed a noticeable course shift on foreign policy and international affairs, exchanging some of its early outsider rhetoric and personnel for more conventional choices. If it can continue to elaborate and professionalize its new approach, it could achieve a number of successes. But for that to happen, the administration will have to act with considerably greater discipline and work to frame its policies toward regional and global issues as part of a coherent, strategic approach to international relations that benefits the United States, its allies and partners, and the world at large.

– Cha, Victor; Sullivan, Jake. THE RIGHT WAY TO PLAY THE CHINA CARD ON NORTH KOREA (Center for Strategic & International Studies, July 6, 2017, 2 pages) 북한에 대해 중국 카드를 사용하는 올바른 방법 Click here for available text on the Internet
After North Korea's ICBM test, China and Russia have called for the U.S. to pay for a freeze on North Korea's missile testing by halting annual U.S.-ROK military exercises, removing THAAD missile defense from Korea, and presumably resuming heavy fuel oil shipments to compensate North Korea. Here is an alternative, bipartisan idea by former Obama and Bush administration officials that calls on China to stop freeriding and to start paying its fair share, rather than habitually placing the burden of negotiation on the U.S.

EC31 – Jackson, James K. THE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN THE UNITED STATES (CFIUS) (Congressional Research Service, June 13, 47 pages) 미국 외국인투자위원회 (CFIUS) Contact American Center for print
The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) is an interagency body comprised of nine Cabinet members, two ex officio members, and other members as appointed by the President, that assists the President in overseeing the national security aspects of foreign direct investment in the U.S. economy.

ADVANCING A NEW WAVE OF URBAN COMPETITIVENESS (Brookings, June 2017, 78 pages) 도시경쟁력의 새로운 변화 발전 - Click here for available text on the Internet
This handbook offers concrete strategies for mayors and their administrations to facilitate the rise of innovation districts—small geographic areas within cities where research universities, medical institutions, and companies cluster and connect with start-ups, accelerators, and incubators. They reflect profound market and demographic dynamics that are revaluing proximity, density, walkability, and accessibility—in other words, the natural strengths of cities.

– Fefer, Rachel F. DIGITAL TRADE AND U.S. TRADE POLICY (Congressional Research Service, June 6, 43 pages) 디지털무역과 미국무역정책 - Contact American Center for print
This report discusses the role of digital trade in the U.S. economy, barriers to digital trade, digital trade agreement provisions, and other selected policy issues.

– Victor, David; Yanosek, Kassia. THE NEXT ENERGY REVOLUTION: THE PROMISE AND PERIL OF HIGH-TECH INNOVATION (Brookings, June 13, 2017, various pages) 차세대 에너지혁명: 기술혁신의 전망과 위기 - Click here for available text on the Internet
Over the past decade, innovation has upended the energy industry, write David Victor and Kassia Yanosek. But this transition will not be straightforward, and could destabilize countries whose economies depend on revenue from traditional energy sources, such as Russia, the big producers of the Persian Gulf, and Venezuela. And it could have wider economic and environmental effects.

– Birshan, Michael; Meakin, Thomas; Strovink, Kurt. WHAT MAKES A CEO ‘EXCEPTIONAL’? (McKinsey Quarterly, April 2017, various pages) 탁월한 최고경영자가 되는 - Click here for available text on the Internet
We assessed the early moves of CEOs with outstanding track records; some valuable lessons for leadership transitions emerged.

US25 Melton, Grace. HOW THE U.S. CAN DEFEND LIFE, FAMILY, AND RELIGIOUS FREEDOM AT THE U.N. (The Heritage Foundation, May 30, 2017, 5 pages) U.N.에서 미국이 어떻게 , 가족, 종교의 자유를 지키고 있는가 Click here for available text on the Internet
Under the Obama Administration, U.S. policy on social issues at the United Nations was often antithetical to life, family, and religious freedom. In the U.N., liberal activists often succeeded—in many cases with the direct help of the U.S. and European nations—in furthering a progressive agenda and pressing a liberal ideology on the developing world under the guise of promoting human rights. Under the Trump Administration—and specifically under the leadership of Ambassador Nikki Haley, U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations—the U.S. has new opportunities to effect positive change at the U.N. and its various entities.

Bettinger, Eric; Loeb, Susanna. PROMISES AND PITFALLS OF ONLINE EDUCATION (Brookings, June 9, 2017, various pages) 온라인교육의 사업기회와 위기 - Click here for available text on the Internet
Online courses have expanded rapidly and have the potential to extend further the educational opportunities of many students, particularly those least well-served by traditional educational institutions. However, in their current design, online courses are difficult, especially for the students who are least prepared. These students’ learning and persistence outcomes are worse when they take online courses than they would have been had these same students taken in-person courses. Continued improvement of online curricula and instruction can strengthen the quality of these courses and hence the educational opportunities for the most in-need populations.

Lamb-Sinclair, Ashley. WHY GRADES ARE NOT PARAMOUNT TO ACHIEVEMENT (The Atlantic, June 16, 2017, 3 pages) 학교교육에서 좋은 성적을 받는 것보다 중요한 것이 있다 Click here for available text on the Internet
At the beginning of this school year, my colleagues and I decided to avoid giving the sophomores in our English classes any grades for six weeks. Research shows that providing students with a number or letter in addition to quality comments prevents them from authentically reflecting. Quantitative grades also diminish student interest in learning, reduce academic risk taking, and decrease the quality of thinking. But beyond academics, as teachers, we saw the negative impact grades made on our students’ mental and emotional health.

– ANTI-GANG PROGRAM HELPS KIDS STAY SAFE IN THE AMERICAS (Share America, June 16, 2017, 5 pages) 미국 조직에 의한 범죄를 예방하는 프로그램이 청소년들이 안전하게 지낼수 있도록 도움을 주고 있다 Click here for available text on the Internet
Since before Merary Cerrato was born, rival gangs have terrorized her hometown of Chamelecón, Honduras. Cerrato, 15, is now at the prime recruiting age for the gangs, but she is determined to resist them, thanks to a groundbreaking program aimed at reaching kids before gang recruiters do.

EN31 – Brotman, Stuart N. SENDING A STRONG SIGNAL ON GLOBAL INTERNET FREEDOM (Brookings, June 13, 2017, various pages) 글로벌인터넷자유에 대한 강력한 메시지 - Click here for available text on the Internet
Among the range of complex foreign policy issues yet to be addressed by the Trump administration is a serious concern for global internet freedom. The growing restrictions on internet freedom around the world are easy to document; less so any visible American strategy that would reverse the ominous trends at hand.

EN32 – O'Rourke, Ronald. CHANGES IN THE ARCTIC: BACKGROUND AND ISSUES FOR CONGRESS (Congressional Research Service, June 6, 2017, 112 pages) 북극 변화: 배경과 미의회 이슈 - Contact American Center for print
This report provides an overview of Arctic-related issues for Congress, and refers readers to more in-depth CRS reports on specific Arctic-related issues. Congressional readers with questions about an issue discussed in this report should contact the author or authors of the section discussing that issue. The authors are identified by footnote at the start of each section. This report does not track legislation on specific Arctic-related issues.

– Felbab-Brown, Vanda. THE VANISHING VAQUITA AND THE CHALLENGES OF COMBATING WILDLIFE TRAFFICKING (Brookings, June 5, 2017, various pages) 멸종위기에 몰린 바키타 돌고래와 불법 야생동물 밀매 문제  - Click here for available text on the Internet
On this year’s Ocean Day, June 8, the desperate race to save the world’s smallest porpoise, the vaquita, from extinction highlights the complexities of one key aspect of ocean conservation - poaching and wildlife trafficking - and the challenges of reconciling global and local governance in environmental protection.

– Galston, William A., et al. TRUMP’S PARIS AGREEMENT WITHDRAWAL: WHAT IT MEANS AND WHAT COMES NEXT (Brookings, June 1, 2017, various pages) 미트럼프 미대통령의 파리 기후변화협약 탈퇴: 의미와 이후 향후 이슈 - Click here for available text on the Internet
Today, President Donald Trump announced that he will withdraw the United States from the landmark Paris Agreement on climate change. It was adopted in 2015 by 195 nations, with 147 ratifying it—including the United States, which is the world’s second largest greenhouse gas emitter. Experts offer their analyses on what the decision could mean and what comes next.

– Manyika, James. TECHNOLOGY, JOBS, AND THE FUTURE OF WORK (MIT McKinsey Global Institute, May 2017, various pages) 기술, 일자리, 노동의 미래 - Click here for available text on the Internet
Automation, digital platforms, and other innovations are changing the fundamental nature of work. Understanding these shifts can help policy makers, business leaders, and workers move forward.

AR23 Maxwell, Mary Jane. ALL THINGS KOREAN ENTHRALL WASHINGTONIANS (Share America, May 23, 2017, 4 pages) 미국 워싱턴에서의 한류 열풍 Click here for available text on the Internet
Washington’s time is 13 hours behind Seoul’s, but America’s capital is at the forefront of a worldwide phenomenon embracing Korean popular culture. Home to the third-largest Korean-American community in the United States, following Los Angeles and New York, Washington is a city where residents listen to Korean pop music, eat Korean barbecue and line up in the rain for a chance to see Korean dance.

Soh, June. ARTIST CARRIES ON THE ANCIENT TRADITION OF HANDMADE KOREAN PAPER (Voice of America, May 17, 2017, 3 pages) 전통한지를 지키기 위해 부단한 노력을 하고 있는 한국계 미국인 작가 에이미 Click here for available text on the Internet
WASHINGTON — Once renowned in Asia for its durability and versatility, traditional Korean paper called Hanji is now produced only in a handful of rural paper mills. But Korean-American artist Aimee Lee is dedicated to carrying on the 2,000-year old tradition through her artwork and teaching. And some of the artwork she produces from the famously durable paper are wearable.

Buchanan,  Michael. ECLECTIC K-POP PICKS UP FANS IN U.S. (Share America, June 21, 2017, 5 pages) 엘렉트로닉 케이팝이 미국에서도 사랑을 받고 있다 Click here for available text on the Internet
Fans in the United States are snapping up tickets to hear artists named GOT7, HyunA, and B1A4. The reason? A growing obsession with Korean pop music, commonly known as K-pop. More than pop, the music’s roots are in American hip-hop and rhythm and blues. But its high-tech flair and stylized videos are distinctively South Korean.