The relationship between the United States and the Republic of Korea (ROK) is often framed against the backdrop of our shared goals to deter and defend against the North Korean threat, something I saw first-hand in my previous positions at the White House and the Pentagon. Our shared commitment to a robust North Korea (DPRK) policy that aims, among other things, to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula through authentic and credible negotiations and ensure that the universal human rights of the people of North Korea are protected and promoted is a critical part of our relationship.
IN52 – Carter, Ash. THE REBALANCE AND ASIA-PACIFIC SECURITY (Foreign Affairs, November/December 2016 Issue, 10 pages) 재조정 및 아시아-태평양지역 안보 - Click here for available text on the Internet
At the Far Eastern end of Eurasia, a worrying détente is in the offing. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Russian President Vladimir Putin are growing closer, at least judging by the most recent summit between the two men in Vladivostok earlier this month.
IN53 – Snyder, Scott A. NORTH KOREA: TEN YEARS AFTER THE FIRST NUCLEAR TEST (Asia Unbound, Council on Foreign Relations, October 7, 2016) 북한: 첫번째 핵실험 이후 10년 - Click here for available text on the Internet
A decade has passed since North Korea first tested a nuclear weapon, on October 9, 2006. It conducted its fifth nuclear test last September, and there are rumors that a sixth will come within weeks or months. The United States has tried to both negotiate with and sanction North Korea while strengthening deterrence with South Korea and conducting shows of force to underscore the U.S. commitment to South Korean defense, but these measures have not halted, much less reversed, North Korea’s nuclear program.
IN54 – NORTH KOREA: LEGISLATIVE BASIS FOR U.S. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS (Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports, October 29, 2016, 31 pages) 미국의 대북 경제 제재 법률의 근거에 관한 미의회조사국 보고서 - Contact American Center for print copy
The U.S. economic sanctions imposed on North Korea exemplify both the independent and intertwined aspects of the relationship between the legislative and executive branches. Congress defers the broadest power to the President, in the National Emergencies Act and the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, to curtail trade and transactions between the United States and North Korea. Congress authorizes the President to fine-tune the relationship with North Korea for foreign policy and national security reasons with each waiver authority it incorporates into legislation. At the same time, Congress closely influences the President’s choices by enacting issue-driven legislation—addressing human rights matters or proliferation concerns, for example—and by adopting North Korea-specific statutes—most particularly the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-333), the North Korean Human Rights Reauthorization Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-346), the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (P.L. 114-122), and the inclusion of North Korea into the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-178).
IN55 – Cha, Victor D. NORTH KOREA’S PERPETUAL PROVOCATIONS (Center for Strategic & International Studies, September 14, 2016, 6 pages) 북한의 끊임없는 도발 - Click here for available text on the InternetVictor D. Cha, senior adviser and Korea Chair, CSIS, testified before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific, on “North Korea’s Perpetual Provocations: Another Dangerous, Escalatory Nuclear Test”.
Growth in the number of jobs is stagnating and full-time jobs are both insecure and risky. Companies no longer make promises of either professional or financial security to today's workforce. Increasingly, both companies and workers prefer and choose the gig economy's more flexible and independent work arrangements and, in the process, are transforming how, where, and when we work. Twenty–30% of the working age population do some form of independent work, according to McKinsey's Global Institute, and that share is growing rapidly.
EC53 – Simonite, Tom. WEB PIONEER TRIES TO INCUBATE A SECOND DIGITAL REVOLUTION (MIT Technology Review, November 1, 20, 2016, various pages) 웹선구자가 이끄는 두번째 디지털혁명 - Click here for available text on the Internet
Many governments and large companies are exploring blockchain technology not because they want to use digital currency—Bitcoin doesn't look likely to become widely used—but as a way to work with other kinds of data. They think blockchains could make things as varied as financial trades, digital health records, and manufacturing supply chains more efficient and powerful.
EC54 – Clark, Dorie. START NETWORKING WITH PEOPLE OUTSIDE YOUR INDUSTRY (Harvard Business Review, October 20, 2016, various pages) 전문분야를 넘어선 인맥구축 전략 - Click here for available text on the Internet
Most professionals build their network over time through proximity — people from your business school study group, or colleagues from your current company or past jobs. You may have a few outliers in the mix, but unless you've been deliberate about your networking, the vast majority of people you know probably work in the same field or industry as you. It may seem innocuous, but that inadvertent myopia can put you at serious professional risk.
EC55 – FUTURE SURPRISES THAT COULD SHOCK THE WORLD (The International Economy, Summer 2016, 28 pages) 세계를 놀라게 할 미래 사건들 - Click here for available text on the Internet
International conventional wisdom always seems unaware of the big changes about to unfold. Ten years ago, who would have predicted surprise developments such as negative interest rates or the potential breakup of the European Union? TIE asked more than fifty top thinkers to look ahead ten years at what outside-the-box developments could shock the world.
EC56 – Berry, John M. LOW RATE CONUNDRUM (The International Economy, Summer 2016, 4 pages) 저금리 수수께끼 - Click here for available text on the InternetIn almost every developed country, interest rates are extremely low by historical standards, so low that briefly this summer yields on U.S. Treasury ten-year notes reached the lowest point ever, 1.32 percent. In Germany, yields are even much lower, actually negative for maturities out to fifteen years, and in Switzerland for up to half a century!
Stop swearing at Siri. Quit cursing Cortana. As digital devices grow smarter, being beastly toward bots could cost you your job. As machine learning and artificial intelligence capabilities proliferate, digital interface design sensibilities begin to accelerate from skeuomorphic to anthropomorphic. Consider how Slack and Hipchat now use bots that go beyond automating interfaces to facilitate smarter and more engaging user experiences. That's Chatbot 1.0. Ongoing algorithmic innovation assures that next-generation bots will be far sharper and more empathic.
EN52 – Brustein, Joshua. WILL VR EVER MATTER? (BloombergBusinessweek, October 20, 2016, various pages) 가상현실 (VR)은 성공할 것인가 - Click here for available text on the Internet
Virtual reality's early adopters got headsets but no killer app. Facebook, Google, and Sony have very different visions of what the medium has to offer and how to make people care.
EN53 – Knight, Will. WHAT TO KNOW BEFORE YOU GET IN A SELF-DRIVING CAR (MIT Technology Review, October 18, 2016, various pages) 자율주행 자동차에 타기전에 알아야 할 것들 - Click here for available text on the Internet
To date, most automated vehicles have been tested on highways in places like California, Nevada, and Texas. Pittsburgh, in contrast, features crooked roads, countless bridges, confusing intersections, and more than its fair share of snow, sleet, and rain. As one Uber executive said, if self-driving cars can handle Pittsburgh, then they should work anywhere. As if to test this theory, as we turn onto a bustling market street, two pedestrians dart onto the road ahead. The car comes to a gentle stop some distance from them, waiting and then continuing on its way.
EN54 – Nordhaus, Ted. BACK FROM THE ENERGY FUTURE (Foreign Affairs, October 18, 2016, various pages) 에너지 미래에 대한 회고 - Click here for available text on the Internet
Over a half century ago, nuclear advocates promoted a future in which nuclear energy would be too cheap to meter. In the three decades that followed, the United States and other advanced developed economies embarked on a massive build out of nuclear power plants. For almost as long, renewable energy advocates have promised a hyper-efficient future powered entirely by the sun and the wind, and in recent decades nations around the world have invested hundreds of billions of dollars to make that future a reality.
EN55 – Rotman, David. CAPITALISM BEHAVING BADLY (MIT Technology Review, October 12, 2016, various pages) 자본주의의 나쁜 행위 - Click here for available text on the InternetDespite healthy corporate earnings, an employment rate that has slowly rebounded since the financial crisis of 2008, and the outpouring of high-tech distractions from Silicon Valley, many people have an aching sense that there is something deeply wrong with the economy. Slow productivity growth is stunting their financial opportunities; high levels of income inequality in the United States and Europe are fueling public outrage and frustration in those left behind, leading to unprecedentedly angry politics; and yet despite the obvious symptoms, economists and other policy makers have been largely befuddled in explaining the causes and, even more important, the cures for these problems.
The Article Alert is produced monthly by
the American Center Korea,
Public Affairs Section, U.S. Embassy Seoul. It offers
abstracts of current articles, mostly from U.S. publications
and by U.S. authors, highlighting significant issues in five
major areas of international or U.S. domestic affairs.