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Article Alert Online: September 2017

IN39 – U.S.-SOUTH KOREA RELATIONS (Congressional Research Service Report, August 4, 2017, 53 pages) -미관계에 관한 미의회조사국 최신보고서 – Click here for available text on the Internet

South Korea (officially the Republic of Korea, or ROK) is one of the United States’ most important strategic and economic partners in Asia. Since the early 1950s, the U.S.-ROK Mutual Defense Treaty commits the United States to help South Korea defend itself. Approximately 28,500 U.S. troops are based in the ROK, which is included under the U.S. “nuclear umbrella.” Washington and Seoul cooperate in addressing the challenges posed by North Korea. The two countries’ economies are joined by the Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA). South Korea is the United States’ seventh-largest trading partner and the United States is South Korea’s second-largest trading partner (China is its first-largest). Political changes in both countries in 2017 along with North Korea’s increasing military capabilities have produced strains in the relationship.

 Cha, VictorDuMond, Marie. THE KOREAN PIVOT: THE STUDY OF SOUTH KOREA AS A GLOBAL POWER (Center for Strategic and International Studies, July 2017, 96 pages) 한국의 중심축글로벌 파워로서의 대한민국 – Click here for available text on the Internet  
South Korea’s leadership and proactive participation in global affairs under the government banner of “Global Korea” demonstrates South Korea’s ability to play an important role on the global stage. The country’s hosting of major international forums such as the G-20 Seoul Summit, the 2012 Nuclear Security Summit, and the 4th High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness not only raised the country’s international profile but also showed its national capacity to serve as a global agenda setter and a bridge between developed and developing countries. These successful diplomatic experiences have raised the critical question of whether South Korea’s global participation can and will be sustained. The contours of future policy and whether Global Korea will remain “global” will in large part be determined by political preferences and the politics of future South Korean governments.

– NORTH KOREAN CYBER CAPABILITIESIn Brief (Congressional Research Service Report, August 3, 2017, 13 pages) 북한의 사이버 공격 능력에 관한 미의회조사국 간략 보고서 - Click here for available text on the Internet 
This report will provide a brief summary of what unclassified open-source reporting has revealed about the secretive program, introduce four case studies in which North Korean operators are suspected of having perpetrated malicious operations, and provide an overview of the international finance messaging service that these hackers may be exploiting.

 Albert, Eleanor. NORTH KOREA’S MILITARY CAPABILITIES (Council on Foreign Relations, August 15, 2017, 13 pages) 북한의 군사능력 – Click here for available text on the Internet  
The United States and its Asian allies regard North Korea as a grave security threat. It has one of the world’s largest conventional military forces, which, combined with its escalating missile and nuclear tests and aggressive rhetoric, has aroused concern worldwide. But world powers have been ineffective in slowing its path to acquire nuclear weapons. The North’s leader, Kim Jong-un, sees the nuclear program as the means to sustain his regime. While it remains among the poorest countries in the world, North Korea spends nearly a quarter of its GDP on its military, according to U.S. State Department estimates. Its brinkmanship will continue to test regional and international partnerships aimed at preserving stability and security.

 Cossa, Ralph A. NORTH KOREA: DEFINING RED LINES (Pacific Forum CSIS,  August 21, 2017, 2 pages) 북한레드라인 규정하기 – Click here for available text on the Internet  

South Korean President Moon Jae-in’s admonition to Pyongyang that “perfecting an ICBM, loading an atomic warhead on it and weaponizing it is a red line” has prompted a great deal of debate both in Washington and Seoul, especially since Moon warned that “North Korea is nearing a threshold for the red line.” Many pundits have been critical of the ROK president, warning that drawing red lines against DPRK activities has proven to be a hazardous and futile effort. 

EC41 – Kim, Sohee. THE $4.7 BILLION K-POP INDUSTRY CHASES ITS ‘MICHAEL JACKSON MOMENT’ (Bloomberg Businessweek, August 23, 2017, various pages) 케이팝 산업 (K-Pop) 성공의 숨은 공신유튜브 Click here for available text on the Internet

On YouTube, views of videos by the top 200 K-pop artists have tripled since 2012. Last year they were watched about 24 billion times, with 80 percent of views coming from outside South Korea, YouTube says. Boy band BTS has more page views than Lady Gaga, Selena Gomez, or Drake. “It might have been impossible for K-pop to have worldwide popularity without YouTube’s global platform,” says Sun Lee, head of music partnerships for Korea and Greater China at YouTube and Google Play. “K-pop is creating a great sensation in the U.S. I don’t think this is a temporary phenomenon.”

 – Robertson, David. HOW GATORADE INVENTED NEW PRODUCTS BY REVISITING OLD ONES (Harvard Business Review, August 17, 2017, various pages) 게토레이드 (Gatorade)사의 기존 제품을 활용한 혁신 사례 Click here for available text on the Internet
Company leaders and product managers worry that these core products have been around for years and may not be able to deliver much more. How will they perform well enough for us to meet our targets? Consider the example of Gatorade in 2008.

 – Katz, Bruce; Tilchin, Ross. INVESTING IN THE NEXT GENERATION (Brookings, August 15, 2017, 44 pages) 다음 세대를 위한 투자Click here for available text on the Internet
The American dream is built on the promise of upward social mobility. For too many, the American dream has stalled. Restoring higher levels of social mobility will be among the most important political, social, and economic challenges of our time. Already, we’ve witnessed how frustration over this stagnation can destabilize our national institutions and divide our society. The longer we wait to address the issue, the more tumultuous our politics will become.

 – Mosca, Louis. WHAT BUSINESS OWNERS REALLY NEED TO KNOW ABOUT SUCCESSION PLANNING (Forbes, August 8, 2017, various pages) 핵심 리더 승계 계획에 대해  알아야  것들 Click here for available text on the Internet
A succession plan should be treated like a business plan, and that means having a clear vision of how you want things to look in five years. You have to determine where you want to be, how you want to be involved, and what you really want to get out of it as the architect of your business, and your exit strategy.

  Ross, Wilbur. FREE-TRADE IS A TWO-WAY STREET (Wall Street Journal, July 31, 2017, various pages) 자유무역은 상호 호혜적 관계이다 Click here for available text on the Internet

The Trump administration recently celebrated the workers and businesses that make this country great. The purpose of “Made in America Week” was to recognize that, when given a fair chance to compete, Americans can make and sell some of the best, most innovative products in the world. 

US33 –  Twenge, Jean M. HAVE SMARTPHONES DESTROYED A GENERATION (The Atlantic, September 2017, 5 pages) 스마트 폰의 양면성  Click here for available text on the Internet

One day last summer, around noon, I called Athena, a 13-year-old who lives in Houston, Texas. She answered her phone—she’s had an iPhone since she was 11—sounding as if she’d just woken up. We chatted about her favorite songs and TV shows, and I asked her what she likes to do with her friends. “We go to the mall,” she said. “Do your parents drop you off?,” I asked, recalling my own middle-school days, in the 1980s, when I’d enjoy a few parent-free hours shopping with my friends. “No—I go with my family,” she replied.

– Workman, Simon. EARLY LEARNING IN THE UNITED STATES: 2017 (Center for American Progress, July 20, 2017, 5 pages) 미국의 조기 교육 현장보고 2017  Click here for available text on the Internet
The importance of high-quality early learning programs, such as child care and preschool, for children and families in the Unites States is well-recognized. Research has demonstrated the short- and long-term benefits for children who participate in high-quality early learning programs, and more than 15 million children have both parents in the workforce—making access to high-quality early learning programs an economic necessity. However, many states’ policies fail to support access to affordable, high-quality programs.

– Hahn, Robert. POWER TO THE PEOPLE: A NEW TREND IN REGULATION (The Brookings Institution, May 31, 2017, 44 pages) 사람들에게 주는 규정을 새롭게 만들다  Click here for available text on the Internet
Regulation is pervasive throughout the world. The prices of water, gas, electricity, rail, mail, air travel, and phone are frequently regulated by government authorities in various ways. Objectives for this regulation vary, but they include promoting operational and economic efficiency, protecting against monopoly power, and addressing equity and environmental concerns.

– Boccia, Romina. SOCIAL SECURITY REFORM IS URGENT AND NECESSARY (The Heritage Foundation, July 17, 2017, 3 pages) 사회보장개혁의 긴급함과 필요성  Click here for available text on the Internet

Late in the afternoon on Thursday last week, the Social Security Administration released its annual trustees’ report. As is often the case when government entities have bad news to report, they do so on a schedule that makes it easier to bury the information. 

EN41 – Ferguson, Niall. THE FALSE PROPHECY OF HYPERCONNECTION (Foreign Affairs, September/October 2017, various pages) 초연결사회 (Hyperconnection) 대한 틀린 예언 Click here for available text on the Internet

The only thing new about today’s social networks is that they are the biggest and fastest ever, connecting billions of people in seconds. Long before the founding of Facebook, however, scholars had already conducted a great deal of research into how smaller and slower social networks operate. What they found gives little ground for optimism about how a fully networked world would function.

– Ohnsman, Alan. HOW A 34-YEAR-OLD AUDIO EQUIPMENT COMPANY IS LEADING THE SELF-DRIVING CAR REVOLUTION (Forbes, August 8, 2017, various pages) 자율주행자동차 혁명의 선도기업미국 벨로다인사(Velodyne) Click here for available text on the Internet
Seconds after David Hall punches in a code, the electronic gate to his waterfront residence swings open. It's a large compound but not the kind you'd expect from a tech entrepreneur who is as responsible as anyone for ushering in the self-driving-car revolution. Hall, 66, is CEO of Velodyne, the leading maker of LiDAR sensors, the "eyes" that allow autonomous vehicles to see what's around them. He lives among a ramshackle collection of low-slung, shingled and metal structures built around a concrete plot on the Bay Area island town of Alameda, California. It's his favorite refuge, equal parts living quarters and workshop, where this inveterate tinkerer and serial inventor can work on his pet projects.

– THIS IS HOW HURRICANE HARVEY IS DRIVING THE PRICE OF GAS (Fortune, August 27, 2017, various pages) 허리케인 하비 (Harvey) 국제유가 전망 Click here for available text on the Internet
Gasoline hit two-year highs early on Monday as massive floods caused by Hurricane Harvey forced refineries across the U.S. Gulf Coast to shut down.

– Rosenzweig, Paul. BAD CODE IS ALREADY A PROBLEM. SOON, COMPANIES WILL BE LIABLE. (Foreign Policy, July 28, 2017, various pages) 컴퓨터 불량코드 (Bad Code)  대한 제언 Click here for available text on the Internet
Elon Musk and Mark Zuckerberg’s recent row over the dangers of artificial intelligence (AI) may be a bit premature. When designed poorly, all kinds of computer code — beyond those that program AI — pose risks to the public. It’s less dramatic than the worst nightmares of AI, but the more immediate and probable threats are things like the loss of personally identifiable information or enlistment into a botnet for a distributed denial of service attack. Fortunately, an effective, if unsexy, solution may be on the horizon: shifting product liability for bad code.

– Knight, Will. AMAZON HAS DEVELOPED AN AI FASHION DESIGNER (MIT Technology Review, August 24, 2017, various pages) 아마존의 혁신인공지능 패션디자이너 Click here for available text on the Internet

Researchers at the e-commerce juggernaut are currently working on several machine-learning systems that could help provide an edge when it comes to spotting, reacting to, and perhaps even shaping the latest fashion trends. The effort points to ways in which Amazon and other companies could try to improve the tracking of trends in other areas of retail—making recommendations based on products popping up in social-media posts, for instance. And it could help the company expand its clothing business or even dominate the area. 

AR28 – SHARING AMERICAN ART IN EMBASSIES (Share America, August 4, 2017, 3 pages)  세계 미국대사관에서 전시되고 있는 미국 작가의 작품들  Click here for available text on the Internet

Art in Embassies, started nearly 60 years ago, remains a popular U.S. program today. Through it, works by well-known American artists have been permanently installed in U.S. Embassies, and art exhibitions have toured the world. American artists have collaborated with local artists in many other countries to create new works that are displayed in U.S. embassies and consulates.

– Hartman, Leigh. TOP U.S. FOOD PRIZE HIGHLIGHTS AMERICAN DIVERSITY (Share America, August 1, 2017, 3 pages)  요식업계의 오스카상으로 불리우는 제임스 비어드 재단상을 수상한 쉐프들은 미국의 다양성을 보여주고 있다  Click here for available text on the Internet

Chefs in American restaurants come from around the world. Some of these chefs who honed their culinary skills in Israel, Mexico and Tunisia are among winners of the 2017 James Beard Awards for excellence in U.S. cuisine.

– Gupta, Anika. AT THE SMITHSONIAN’S FIRST ASIAN-AMERICAN LIT FEST, WRITERS SHARE FALOODA, POLITICS AND POETRY (Smithsonian Magazine, August 24, 2017, 7 pages) 미국 스미소니언박물관 주최최초의 아시아계 미국인의 문학 축제에서 작가들은  장르의 시에 다루어진 내용에 대해 자유롭게 이야기를 나누었다  Click here for available text on the Internet

Tanzila Ahmed, with a streak of purple in her hair and tigers’ faces glaring fiercely from the fabric of her dress, takes the stage at the Smithsonian's 2017 Asian American Literature Festival. She opens a copy of her recent poetry chapbook and begins to read. Her voice, quiet and intimate, holds the audience in its grip.