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Article Alert Online: April 2017

IN16 SECRETARY TILLERSON’S REMARKS WITH FOREIGN MINISTER YUN BYUNG-SE BEFORE THEIR MEETING (U.S. Department of State, March 17, 2017, 10 pages) 틸러슨 미국 국무장관의 윤병세 외교부 장관과의 회담 발언 전문 - Click here for available text on the Internet 
Secretary Tillerson: “The United States alliance with South Korea is built not only on security, but our commitment to our core principles that have enabled the success of our nations: a strong economic partnership, deep people-to-people ties, and democratic values. I am encouraged by our productive joint discussions, and pledge continued American support for the shared prosperity and security of our two nations.


IN17 EXPANDING SOUTH KOREA’S SECURITY ROLE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION (Council on Foreign Relations, March 2017, 13 pages) 아시아 태평양 지역에서 대한민국 안보 역할 확대 - Click here for available text on the Internet 
South Korea, or the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a Northeast Asian power with a global presence, yet its geopolitical influence in Southeast Asia is rarely exercised. This limited profile contrasts sharply with South Korea's activity on and around the Korean Peninsula. While President Lee Myung-bak (2008–2013) solidified Global Korea, a policy of expanding South Korean contributions globally, President Park Geun-hye focused more on the peninsula and Northeast Asia. Park's impeachment requires renewed focus on maintaining stability on the peninsula until the domestic political situation stabilizes, but over time, Seoul should flex its regional muscle as a middle power.


IN18 Cossa, Ralph A. DEALING WITH PYONGYANG (Center for Strategic and International Studies- PacNet #21, March 13, 2017, 2 pages) 평양 다루기 - Click here for available text on the Internet
North Korea-related events have been capturing headlines with alarming frequency in recent weeks. The most intriguing saga, the Feb. 13 assassination of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un’s half-brother Kim Jong Nam in Malaysia, continues to unfold. It quickly overshadowed the most significant event, the Feb. 12 launch of a solid-fueled Pukguksong-2 (North Star-2) Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM), theoretically capable of hitting targets as far away as US bases in Okinawa and Guam with minimal warning. In case the message from this launch was missed, the North on March 6 fired a salvo of four modified medium-range Scud missiles into the Sea of Japan. According to Pyongyang, the units firing the missiles are tasked to strike the bases of the US imperialist aggressor forces in Japan in contingency.

Klingner, Bruce. PRESSURING NORTH KOREA: EVALUATING OPTIONS (The Heritage Foundation, March 21, 2017, 14 pages) 북한 압박: 선택 방안 평가 - Click here for available text on the Internet 
Heritage expert Bruce Klingner’s testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific on the options available to the U.S. government in dealing with an increasingly belligerent North Korea.

BUILDING “SITUATIONS OF STRENGTH”: A NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY FOR THE UNITED STATES (The Brookings Institution, February 2017, 80 pages) 미국을 위한 국가 안보 전략 Click here for available text on the Internet   
Since early 2015, the Brookings Order from Chaos Task Force has convened Republican and Democratic foreign policy experts to draft “Building ‘Situations of Strength,’” which outlines a U.S. policy for a period of geopolitical competition. Brookings’s Order from Chaos project is designed to provide analysis and policy recommendations for defending and reforming the international order for the 21st century.

EC16 – Paulson, John. TRUMP AND THE ECONOMY (Foreign Affairs, March/April 2017, various pages) 도널드 트럼프 미국 대통령과 경제 - Click here for available text on the Internet
The central economic goal of Donald Trump’s administration will be to boost U.S. economic growth. Steven Mnuchin, Trump’s nominee for treasury secretary, has said that the administration’s objective is to raise the rate of GDP growth to three to four percent, doubling the rate achieved over the last decade. This will be accomplished by establishing a globally competitive corporate tax rate, adopting a territorial corporate tax system, reducing excessive regulation, boosting domestic energy production, and introducing better trade policies.


EC17 –Delury, John. TRUMP AND NORTH KOREA (Foreign Affairs, March/April 2017, various pages) 도널드 트럼프 미국 대통령과 북한 - Click here for available text on the Internet
If the United States really hopes to achieve peace on the Korean Peninsula, it should stop looking for ways to stifle North Korea’s economy and undermine Kim Jong Un’s regime and start finding ways to make Pyongyang feel more secure. This might sound counterintuitive, given North Korea’s nuclear ambitions and human rights record. But consider this: North Korea will start focusing on its prosperity instead of its self-preservation only once it no longer has to worry about its own destruction. And North Korea will consider surrendering its nuclear deterrent only once it feels secure and prosperous and is economically integrated into Northeast Asia.


EC18 Ihrig, Martin; MacMillan, Ian. HOW TO GET ECOSYSTEM BUY-IN (Harvard Business Review, March/April 2017, various pages) 기업 생태계에서 수용력을 얻는 방법  - Click here for available text on the Internet
When, say, Samsung or Huawei launches a new phone, it must engage not just users but also the carriers that own and manage mobile networks and the major app providers, such as Google. An instant payment feature, for example, might be attractive to users and carriers but less so to app providers or retailers because of required changes to an existing payment infrastructure.


EC19 – Revere, Evans J.R. 2017: YEAR OF DECISION ON THE KOREAN PENINSULA (Brookings Institution, March 2, 2017, 22 pages) 한반도 향배를 결정할 분수령, 2017 - Click here for available text on the Internet
2017 will be a decisive year for the Korean Peninsula and for the U.S.-ROK alliance. North Korea’s leader has promised to test an ICBM that could hit the United States with a nuclear weapon. He intends to use such threats to compel the Trump Administration to accept Pyongyang’s nuclear status, conclude a peace treaty, and achieve North Korea’s goals of ending the U.S.-ROK alliance and reunifying the peninsula under the North’s rule.

US13 –  Israel, Melanie. DEFENDING LIFE: OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE 115TH CONGRESS (The Heritage Foundation, February 23, 2017, 13 pages) 생명 보호: 미국 115 의회의 기회 Click here for available text on the Internet
A Pro-life majority maintains control of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives and the President has committed to defend innocent human life from conception to natural death and nominate Supreme Court justices who will respect the Constitution and the fundamental right to life. In previous years, a veto threat has loomed over life-affirming legislation. Policymakers now have the opportunity to pass laws that protect human life.

Griffin, Rob. STATES OF CHANGE (Center for American Progress, February 17, 2017, 43 pages) 1980–2060년도 미국의 인구통계학적 변화 Click here for available text on the Internet
In the past four decades, the United States has undergone significant demographic changes. Immigration patterns have altered our racial composition, medical advances have aged our population by prolonging our lives, and economic forces have driven us to educate ourselves at unprecedented levels. Transformations of this magnitude will shape this century’s social and political landscape as well as test many of society’s institutions.

– E-GOVERNMENT IS BECOMING A THING (Share America, January 5, 2017, 2 pages) 전자정부(E-Government) 시대의 도래 Click here for available text on the Internet
In Estonia people can elect their parliamentary representatives, pay their taxes and access around 3,000 government services online. In South Korea the government invites citizens to submit policy suggestions or corruption complaints, moderates discussion of these submissions, and reports back on its decisions, all online. Technology makes government operations more transparent and delivery of services more efficient and less costly. It’s often called “e-government,” and officials beyond Estonia and South Korea are embracing it to various extents.

Williamson, Heidi. THE PILLARS OF EQUITY (Center for American Progress, March 15, 2017, 43 pages) 양성평등의 필요성 Click here for available text on the Internet
The political environment has shifted under the Trump-Pence administration and the anti-choice majority in Congress. Reproductive health and rights are under full attack through efforts to repeal the Affordable Care Act, restrict access to abortion, and confirm an anti-choice U.S. Supreme Court justice. It is all the more important therefore to articulate the complex nature of women’s lives today and their role as key contributors to American society. Women’s economic contributions often depend on having access to comprehensive reproductive health services, as well as to education, jobs with livable wages, and workplace supports.

EN16 – Knake, Robert K. A CYBERATTACK ON THE U.S. POWER GRID (Council on Foreign Relations, April 2017, various pages) 미국 전력망에 대한 사이버공격 - Click here for available text on the Internet
The U.S. power grid has long been considered a logical target for a major cyberattack. Besides the intrinsic importance of the power grid to a functioning U.S. society, all sixteen sectors of the U.S. economy deemed to make up the nation’s critical infrastructure rely on electricity. Disabling or otherwise interfering with the power grid in a significant way could thus seriously harm the United States.

EN17 – Haggard, Stephan; Boydston, Kent. WORLDWIDE COST OF LIVING: ASIA RISING (Peterson Institute for International Economics, March 31, 2017, various pages) 세계 생활비 보고서: 아시아의 부상 - Click here for available text on the Internet
The Economist Intelligence Unit recently released their Worldwide Cost of Living 2017 survey, a report comparing the cost of living in cities throughout the world. Five of the ten most expensive cities are now in Asia. Singapore and Hong Kong take the top spots followed by Zurich, and then Tokyo, Osaka, and Seoul. Seoul—where property values have long been politically-contentious—has seen a particularly rapid rise in the cost of living: seven years ago it was ranked only 50th.

– Groll, Elias. NSA OFFICIAL SUGGESTS NORTH KOREA WAS CULPRIT IN BANGLADESH BANK HEIST (Foreign Policy, March 21, 2017, various pages) 미국 국가안보국 (NSA), 방글라데시 중앙은행 해킹 배후로 북한 지목 - Click here for available text on the Internet
A senior National Security Agency official appeared to confirm that North Korean computer hackers were behind a multi-million dollar heist targeting Bangladesh’s central bank last year. Computer hackers attempted to steal $951 million, but only got away with $81 million, some of which was later recovered. After the theft, security firms quickly pointed the finger at North Korea. Other experts disputed that finding. But on Tuesday, NSA Deputy Director Rick Ledgett appeared to say North Korea was the culprit during a cryptic exchange at a Washington forum.

– Pethokoukis, James. WHY CULTURE MATTERS WHEN IT COMES TO INNOVATION: SOUTH KOREA EDITION (American Enterprise Institute, February 16, 2017, various pages) 혁신의 걸림돌, 한국형 문화 - Click here for available text on the Internet
Take South Korea. Outsiders view it as a tech powerhouse, notes the Financial Times, enabled by a highly educated workforce, “one of the world’s highest broadband penetrations, fast mobile internet speeds and very high smartphone usage.” The country also spends more on R&D than most advanced economies. Those are all the inputs that various “innovation indexes” really value. Yet Korea worries about falling behind in the innovation race in all sorts of tech sectors. And government support for startups hasn’t yield much. So what’s the problem? Culture (and rules and cronyism), in large part.

– Sivaram, Varun. UNLOCKING CLEAN ENERGY (Council on Foreign Relations, January 4, 2017, various pages) 클린에너지 혁명 - Click here for available text on the Internet
Confronting climate change will require transforming the world’s energy systems to slash their greenhouse gas emissions. Although temperatures continue to rise at an alarming rate, some observers argue that increasing global investment in clean energy signals progress. But gushing investment flows to deploy existing clean energy technologies obscure a discouraging countercurrent: investment in new, innovative technologies has slowed to a trickle.

AR12 SOUTH BY SOUTHWEST TO HOST ITS ‘FIRST ASIAN-AMERICAN SHOWCASE’ (NBC News, February 13, 2017, 2 pages) 미국 텍사스 오스틴에서 열리는 음악 페스티벌에서 처음으로 아시아계 미국인 연주자를 초청하였다 Click here for available text on the Internet
South by Southwest (SXSW) is scheduled to stage its first Asian-American music showcase as well as a panel on Asian-American issues this March, according to a non-profit arts organization working with the festival.

Paulson, Michael. THE BATTLE OF ‘MISS SAIGON’: YELLOWFACE, ART AND OPPORTUNITY (The New York Times, March 17, 2017, 3 pages) 브로드웨이 뮤지컬 'Miss Saigon':예술과 기회 Click here for available text on the Internet
“Miss Saigon” started with an audacious idea — create a musical that explores the end of the Vietnam War through an ill-fated romance between a virginal Vietnamese bargirl and a hunky American G.I. It would become much more than that. Over 28 years, “Miss Saigon” has turned into one of the most successful hits in musical theater — as well as one of the most polarizing and most protested.

Lynch, Grace Hwang. EIGHT DECADES LATER, ‘THE FOUR IMMIGRANTS MANGA’ FINDS NEW LIFE AS A MUSICAL (NBC News, February 24, 2017, 4  pages) 소설 The Four Immigrants Manga80년후 뮤지컬로 새로이 태어나다 Click here for available text on the Internet
It's a common Broadway theme: An immigrant lands on the shores of America in the early 1900s, hoping to strike it rich and make a new life in the big city — with some song, dance, and romance along the way. But in "The Four Immigrants," a new musical coming to the San Francisco Bay Area's TheatreWorks troupe based on a 1931 graphic novel, the newcomers are from Japan and the big city is San Francisco.